Pre diabetic blood glucose range – What is the pre diabetic blood glucose range?
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Type II diabetes, also known as insulin-resistant diabetes, develops when the body does not produce enough insulin or does not use it properly. When the response to insulin, a hormone central that regulates carbohydrate and fat metabolism in the body, is ineffective, glucose accumulates and builds up in the blood. As diabetes develops, health problems such as high blood pressure or hypertension and high cholesterol levels will likely occur.
Since glucose level in the body is primarily affected, the goal of treatment at first for diabetes is to lower it. On the other hand, the long term goal is to prevent more serious health problems that may develop due to diabetes. Although the main treatment for diabetes is exercise and diet, you should also learn basic diabetes management skills such as blood glucose monitoring, proper frequency and medication intake, and learning how to recognize and treat low and high blood sugar.
Type II diabetes is a lifelong chronic disease in which there are high levels of glucose or sugar in the blood. This is the most common type of diabetes and usually occurs slowly over time. Genes and family history of the disease play a big role in the development of type II diabetes. Aside from that, low activity level, excess body weight especially in the waist, and poor diet also increases the risk for the disease.
Managing your blood sugar is very important in treating this type of diabetes. That’s why a person with diabetes should work closely with a physician, nurse or dietitian to formulate a well-balanced diet plan for proper weight management and control. Regular physical activities and exercise can also help in maintaining your weight and improving blood flow and blood pressure. Additionally, exercise can increase the body’s energy level; improve the ability to handle stress, and lower tension.
The first-line of treatment for type 2 diabetes is a well-balanced diet, weight control and regular physical activity and exercise. However, if your blood glucose level remains high despite these lifestyle measures then medications to reduce the blood glucose level are usually advised. In some cases, insulin injections are needed if the blood glucose level remains too high despite taking medications.
Insulin injections is used to control the blood sugar in people who have type 2 diabetes that cannot be controlled with oral medications alone. It takes the place of insulin normally produced by the body and helps mobilize sugar from the blood into other body tissues where it is used for energy. Although it does not completely cure diabetes, insulin injections are helpful in controlling the blood sugar level in the body which is needed in managing type 2 diabetes.
It is injected subcutaneously or under the skin usually several times a day depending on the physician’s prescription. It is also important for people using insulin to note that you should not use less or more insulin other than what the doctor prescribed.