Pre diabetes kidney damage – Does pre diabetes cause kidney damage?
|If you’re Over 30s With Diabetes…Be Warned!
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Type 2 Diabetes is caused by a problem in the way our body produces or uses insulin, which is a hormone produced by the pancreas used to move sugars throughout the body. Often, people with type 2 diabetes show no symptoms at all, however if you have the disease, it is better to take note of the following symptoms such as blurred vision, fatigue, erectile dysfunction, frequent or slow-healing infections, increased appetite, increased thirst, and increased urination.
If ever you experience any of these symptoms, it would be wise to consult a doctor to have your blood sugar level checked. Once diagnosed with Type 2 Diabetes, you will then formulate a suitable diabetes treatment plan with the help of your doctor.
This treatment plan will likely include lifestyle changes such as healthy diet, exercise, avoidance of vices especially smoking, and weight loss. In addition, you may also be prescribed one or more oral anti-diabetic medications like metformin and sulfonylureas, or insulin injections if necessary.
Over time, diabetes causes damage to cell membranes in the kidney. These membranes are responsible for filtration and absorption of fluids and molecules. When membrane damage occurs at a filtration site, it starts to leak small amounts of protein into the urine.
Eventually the amount of protein being leaked from the kidneys increases to the point that the person has albuminuria, meaning the excretion is more than 300mg per 24 hour of protein. The kidneys’ ability to filter fluid declines, and blood pressure starts to rise.
When albuminuria, hypertension and an inability of the kidneys to filter adequately are all present in the same person, diabetic nephropathy is indicated. The only treatments for renal failure are dialysis or a kidney transplant.